Organizational Change in Theory and Practice
By Eugene P. Kim, Ph.D.
Posted on 7/7/2022 - 8 minute read
There are nearly as many theories of change as there are theories of leadership, ranging from anachronous armchair advice to pithy philosophical prescription. Rapid Change (Laipple, 2012) rewards the agile, accelerated and adaptive leader. In contrast, in Theory of Change (Drucker, 1954), clarification of long-term goals or outcomes precedes short-term or early outcomes or conditions. Gap Analysis (McKinsey, Nadler-Tushman, PESTEL, etc.) simplifies the change process, asking where we are , where we want to be, and how we get there. John Kotter’s (2007) seminal article in the Harvard Business Review is distinguished in both its rigorous empiricism and pragmatic applicability, offering organizations unique strategies for and obstacles prevalent to eight distinct stages of change.
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