Xiamen, also historically known as Amoy, is a major city on the southeast coast of China across from Taiwan. It is administered as a sub-provincial city of Fujian province, with an area of 1,699.39 square kilometres (656.14 sq mi) and population of 3,531,347 at the 2010 Census. The city was a treaty port in the 19th century, one of the first in China to open up to the West, with European Victorian-era architecture in and around the island city as a reminder of its international past and present. It was an early entry point for Protestant missions in China. Xiamen is one of the four original Special Economic Zones opened to foreign investment and trade when China began economic reforms in the early 1980s, and is currently one of four Free Trade Zones just opened in 2015. Xiamen is the eastern starting point of China’s new silk road and is currently ranked (2015) as the third fastest growing city in China.
In 2006, Xiamen was ranked as China's second "most suitable city for living",as well as China's "most romantic leisure city" in 2011. Xiamen has a moderate climate compared to much of the rest of the province and short, mild and dry winters. The warmest month is July, with a 24-hour average of 27.8 °C (82.0 °F), the coolest month is February, averaging 12.4 °C (54.3 °F); the annual mean is 20.42 °C (68.8 °F). Xiamen is known for its beautiful landscapes, beaches and resort atmosphere – a tourist destination for Chinese and international visitors from all around the world. Xiamen has a wide variety of department stores such asMetro and Wal-Mart. In addition, there are night markets and entertainment throughout the city, which because of its great climate is suitable for outdoor activities and venues.
* Information drawn from Wikipedia, http://english.xm.gov.cn/, and the Singaporean consulate in Xiamen.